Maybe the doctor will prescribe medicine to increase the amount of red blood cells your body produces or treat the underlying cause of anemia.

Some of these medicines are:

* Antibiotics to treat infections
* Hormone Treatment for adult women and adolescents who have heavy menstrual bleeding
* A synthetic form of erythropoietin to stimulate the body to produce more red blood cells. This hormone carries    certain risks. You and your doctor will decide whether the benefits of this treatment outweigh the risks.
* Medicines to prevent the immune system destroys its own red blood cells
* Chelation to treat lead poisoning. Chelation is used primarily for children, because children with iron deficiency anemia are more at risk for lead poisoning.

If your anemia is severe, you may need medical procedures to treat it. These procedures are blood transfusions and transplantation of blood stem cells and bone marrow.

Blood transfusion

Blood transfusions are very common and safe procedures in which a person receives blood through an intravenous line placed in one of their vessels. To perform a transfusion is necessary to do meticulous testing to ensure that donor blood is compatible with the recipient’s blood.

For more information, see the “Blood Transfusion” (English only).
Transplantation of blood stem cells and bone marrow

In transplants of stem cells from blood and bone marrow stem cells replace abnormal or defective one person (a receiver) with healthy cells from another person (a donor). Stem cells found in bone marrow. There are transformed into red cells, white cells and platelets.

During the transplant, which is like a blood transfusion, the recipient receives the donor’s stem cells through a tube that has been put into a chest vein. When stem cells are in the body of the receiver, run to the marrow and begin producing new blood cells.

For more information, see the article “Blood and Marrow Stem Cell Transplant” (English only).


If you have a serious or life-threatening bleeding that is causing anemia, you may need surgery. For example, you may need surgery to control bleeding caused by a constant stomach ulcer or colon cancer.

If your body is destroying red cells at high speed may have to undergo surgery to remove the spleen. The spleen is an organ that removes red blood cells and destroys them. If the spleen is sick or larger than normal red blood cells and removes more cause anemia.

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