Tag: ‘glucose’

What is Diabetes?

Diabetes is a chronic disease that occurs as a result of problems in the production and supply of insulin in the body. This hormone is produced in the pancreas and helps the “sugar” (glucose) to leave the bloodstream to enter body cells to be used as an energy source.

It may be the case that the body does not produce enough insulin, which is when the diabetes is type 1, or can not use it produces, that is when there is type 2 diabetes.

Type 1 diabetes
, which is also known as insulin dependent diabetes, immune or juvenile home, is the result of an autoimmune reaction, in which the body’s defense system attacks insulin-producing cells. People with this type of diabetes produce very little or no insulin injections they need every day and thus control the blood glucose levels. Type 1 diabetes can affect people of any age but usually occurs mainly in children or young adults.

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Diabetes and Pregnancy

During normal pregnancy metabolic adaptations occur, aimed at correcting the imbalance that occurs when you need a higher nutritive supply to the fetus. One of these imbalances is that the body needs more insulin delivery to require a greater use of glucose.

Clear evidence of this shift is experienced by all pregnant women, who usually notice the morning the unpleasant symptoms of hypoglycemia: nausea, drowsiness, tiredness, weakness, etc..

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